Madiridziro eminda yemaapuro

Kudiridza chinhu chinodiwa pakudyara kwakadzama bindu.Hunyoro hwevhu hunofanirwa kuita 70-80% yehuwandu hwemunda.Kushandiswa kwemvura kwezvirimwa kunoenderana nezvakati wandei:- Meteorological maitiro egore

- zera rekudyara
- kudyara kuwanda
- marudzi maitiro emiti
- Ivhu Kuchengetedza System

Kudiridza pamusoro (pamwe nemigero, mbiya, estuaries)

*Padivi pemupata.

Iyi nzira inoshandiswa munzvimbo dzakaoma dzine nzvimbo dzakati sandara.Kudzika kwefuro ndeye 15-25 cm, hupamhi huri 35 cm, uye chiyero chekudya hachifaniri kudarika 1-2 malita / sekondi.Kuti iyi nzira yekudiridza ibudirire, zvinodikanwa kunyatsoronga nzvimbo yacho.

*Nendiro.

Kutenderedza muti wega wega, kungurusa ivhu 25 cm kureba kuita mbiya ine dhayamita yemamita 2-6.Ndiro imwe neimwe inodyiswa ne sprinkler.Nzira iyi inoshandiswa munzvimbo dzakatenuka nekuti kudiridza kwemuforo hakuna kunaka.madiridziro ekuyerera.Iyi nzira inoshandiswa mumapindu ane ivhu rine madhaka.Vanoita mitsetse yakareba mamita 100-300 uye vanoiputira nevhu kubva kune rollers.Iyi mitsetse inopa mvura kwemaawa 2-24, zvichienderana nekupinza kwevhu.

*Dirai mvura

Inoshandiswa kwete chete kunyorovesa ivhu, asiwo kunyorovesa mhepo mukudyara.Mukuwedzera, inobatsira kubvisa inhibition ye photosynthesis, iyo inowanikwa pane tembiricha inopfuura +35 degrees.Kudiridza kweimwe kudiridza kwakasiyana pakati pe300-500 m3/ha.Kuipa kweiyi nzira ndiyo madonhwe makuru, saka vanoedza kuaderedza.Nechinangwa ichi, sprinklers yakawiriraniswa yepulse ine kubuda kwezuva nezuva kwe10-80 m3 / ha inoshandiswa.Nguva yekupfapfaidza mazuva 2-15.

dispersion method
Diridza bindu remuapuro nemvura yakapfapfaidzwa.Madonhwe acho ane 100-500 microns muhukuru, uye mvura inopihwa kwemaminetsi akati wandei maminetsi makumi maviri nemakumi matanhatu ega ega, zvichienderana nekusimba kwekubuda.

Kudiridza pasi pevhu

Mvura inopinda nemumakomba akaiswa pombi.Kubatsira kweiyi nzira pane dzimwe nzira ndeyokuti kurasikirwa kwemvura kunobviswa zvachose.Uyezve, unogona kusanganisa kudiridza nemamwe maitiro ekurima.

drip irrigation

Kudiridza kudonhedza muminda yeapuro kunosanganisira kupa mvura kunzvimbo yemidzi kuburikidza netiweki yepombi yekusingaperi yemadrippers.Iyo dropper inoiswa pamusoro pevhu mukati me 1 mita radius kubva pamuti.Mvura yemvura inoitwa zvishoma nezvishoma kana ichienderera uye zvishoma nezvishoma pakumanikidzwa kwe 1-3 bar.Mapombi anogona kunge ari pamusoro pevhu, pamusoro pevhu - pamwero wehunde pa trellis kana muvhu pakadzika 30-35 cm.Zvekudiridza mapindu madiki madiki uye mapindu evakuru.Nhasi, ndiyo nzira yakanakisisa uye ine hupfumi yekudiridza maererano nekushandiswa kwemvura.

 

Kudiridza kwemvura muminda yemaapuro.pombi dzekudiridza dzinodonhaane parameter anonyanya kushandiswa:

Pombi rusvingo ukobvu 35 - 40mils;
Drop spacing 0.5 - 1m, zvichienderana nehurongwa hwekudyara miti;
Kubuda kwemvura kunoenderana nenguva yekudiridza uye yekupomba chiteshi chemagetsi zvinodiwa.

Zvakanakira kudiridza madrip muminda yemaapuro
Drip irrigation ine zvakawanda zvakanaka pane dzimwe nzira:

Kurasikirwa kwemvura yakaderera (1.5 nguva) nekuputika uye osmosis.
Inochengetedza mwando wevhu wakakwana nguva dzose uye zvakaenzana.
Inodzivirira chimiro chevhu uye inodzivirira kutaridzika kwevhu crusts.
Hazvisanganisi mafashama uye ivhu salinization.
Izvo zvakanyanya hupfumi kuunza mineral elements kuburikidza nedropper nekuti mhinduro inoenda yakananga munzvimbo yemidzi.Panguva imwecheteyo, mwero wekushandiswa kwefetereza ungangoita 80%.
Kugona kwekudiridza otomatiki.

Zvimiro zvekudiridza maapuro minda yemiti
Madiridziro anofanira kuenderana nemvura inodiwa nezvirimwa panguva yekukura kwayo nekukura kwayo.Chiratidzo chikuru chehurumende yekudiridza ndiyo yekudiridza.Pakuzvisarudzira, zvinodikanwa kufunga nezvehunhu hwehunyoro hwevhu, maitiro ezvirimwa zvakarimwa, uye nzira dzekudiridza.Zvichienderana nehutongi hwekudiridza, chiyero chekudiridza chinoshandukawo.Inokubvumira kuti uite kushayikwa kwekushandiswa kwemvura.Kuziva kushandiswa kwemvura yose panguva yekukura, chiyero chekudiridza chinogona kuverengwa.Kuti uite izvi, shandisa fomu yakakosha.Yese kushandiswa kwemvura kunoenderana nevhu uye mamiriro ekunze enzvimbo.

nguva yekudiridza
Mazuva ekudiridza anosanganiswa nezvikamu zvakakosha zvemwaka wekukura:

- maruva
- kukura kwepfuti
- maovha asati adonha munaJune
- Active muchero kukura

Nekuda kwekusiyana kukuru kwevhu uye mamiriro ekunze munzvimbo dzese, kune zvakare misiyano yakakura mukutonga kwemadiridziro.Madiridziro nemamiriro ezvinhu anotariswa kubva pakuona kunyorova kwevhu uye kuwanikwa kwaro kumiti, izvo zvinobva zvaenderana nekukura kwechikamu chevhu.


Nguva yekutumira: Mar-10-2022